In terms of natural resources Karnataka is blessed with a vast majority of rare birds, endangered species and dense forests. However, in the northeastern part of Karnataka, especially the Raichur region is devoid of such extensive natural beauty.
The Forsaken Flora and Fauna of Raichur
Even though the Forest department hasn't reported any important species in the area, some of the detailed studies conducted by the NGOs and other private organizations have found a good number of rare, endangered and medicinal plants in and around the district.
A two and a half acre hill covered completely with trees that no body dares to touch or cut down is located at about 4 km distance from Deodurga talk of the Raichur District. Legend has it that cutting these trees would expose them to the wrath of Gods. The local people of this area are so scared that they don't even take their cattle to the hill for grazing.
The hill, which is named after saint Paramananda, has a variety of trees and plants like Aegle Marmelos (known as Bilwapatre in Kannada), Tulsi and Aloe Vera. You would also find medicinal plants like, Terminalia Chebula or Alalekai, used in the treatment of asthmatic disorders, and triphala in these forests.
Another forest area named Benkal Doddi is said to have flowering and ornamental plants like the Suvarnaka Pushpa.
Encyclopedia Britannica describes it as one of the oldest trees on earth found mainly in the South African region. However, you would be surprised to know that a 450-year-old Baobab tree stands firmly in the Deodurga village of Raichur District. The tree is enormously thick having 45 feet width and reaches up to 40 feet in height. Baobab tree is known by many other names in India such as the Kalpavriksha, haathiyan ka Jhaad (elephant tree) and the tree of life. In spite of being such an old tree it is not given much credit and very little is known about its value.
The district of Raichur is also home to many migratory birds that come here in the winter months of November and December. Although it hasn't been documented but the locals say there are more than 200 species of birds that visit the place.
Karnataka is said to be one of the most mineral rich states of India and true to its claim you would find Raichur rich in gold, silver and granite. The Hutti Gold Mines present in the Raichur district is the only gold mine in India today. More than 84% of the gold demand in the country is met through the gold mines present in Raichur.
Pink granite deposits can also be found in Raichur.